A manutenção do território na América portuguesa frente à invasão espanhola da ilha de Santa Catarina em 1777
“This study aims to analyse the intricacies of the Spanish invasion in the island of Santa Catarina, in 1777, and the mechanisms of maintenance of territory in Portuguese America. The geographic space and its political functions need to be studied, namely, how essential maintaining, defending and preserving the predetermined areas of the Portuguese empire was. It was only in the second quarter of the 18th century that the Portuguese crown developed a strategic planning of the territory. The island of Santa Catarina gained tactical importance to maintain a direct link with the centre of the colony (Rio de Janeiro), Rio Grande de São Pedro and the Colony of Santíssimo Sacramento. This geopolitical space underwent significant changes. The fear of invasions, conquests, raids or even small advances from an enemy that never slept, transformed the geographical space. Firstly, several forts and strongholds were built, and, gradually, the arrival of Azorean and Madeiran migrants metamorphosed the island’s environment. This policy was nevertheless unable to contain the advance of Spanish troops. In 1777, D. Pedro de Cevallos invaded the island without any resistance. In the same year, Portugal and Spain signed the Treaty of Santo Ildefonso, which returned the territory back to the Portuguese.”
Updated at 19/06/2020 by the tutor Projeto Fortalezas Multimídia (Nicole Kirchner da Silva).