Paisajes urbanos modernos de la frontera galaico-portuguesa. La fortificación de las villas y ciudades en el siglo XVII
The Treaty of Alcañices (1297) practically seals the configuration of the Spanish-Portuguese border designed along the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. In the Galician-Portuguese sector, the border structure was articulated around certain urban centres, located on each side of the "raia" –border– and normally close to a historical route that took advantage of a fluvial step. The defences created for these urban centres followed the theoretical models of medieval warfare, and they proved to be insufficient to protect the population when the Portuguese Restoration War broke out in 1640. From this moment on, an important reform of the cities and their surroundings took place. In order to protect these settlements and prevent the opposing army from penetrating the cities, external defences were built. This paper presents the archaeological methodology developed for the identification, documentation and study of this type of defences, as well as for overall understanding of the urban fortified landscapes
Updated at 31/07/2020 by the tutor Projeto Fortalezas Multimídia (Jéssica Pedrini).