“JEITINHO CARIOCA(?)”: A CIDADE DE SÃO SEBASTIÃO DO RIO DE JANEIRO E SEU SISTEMA DEFENSIVO EM TRÊS MOMENTOS DISTINTOS DO PERÍODO COLONIAL

The discovery by the Portuguese of Brazilian lands not initially raised great interest because, in that court, obtained larger profits from their Asian colonial possessions. This little attention was soon seized by the French, who settled in the region of Guanabara Bay in 1555, then forcing the Lusitanian crown to act, for the expulsion of the invaders. Though initially defeated, the French do not have a due and returned to occupy the same region, forcing the Portuguese, the settlers and Indians allies to act differently, colonizing the area and reclaiming, expelling the external threat. This slow occupation also reflected in the defensive apparatus, which had many buildings in the early 1600s. By that time, the Iberian Union brought the enemies of Spain to the Portuguese colonies, prompting the Dutch to invade the Brazilian Northeast, which greatly alarmed the people of the South that without qualified personnel, had to improve their defensive positions and build other against enemy action which, fortunately, did not happen.

The gold mining activities have made the Rio de Janeiro a city rich in the early eighteenth century, while it attracted the greed of the enemies of Portugal. So, was the scene of two shares of French corsairs, and that of 1711, carried out by Duguay-Trouin generated profound consequences for his defensive system, leading to the drafting of several defense plans for military engineers, repairs of buildings and the multiplication of buildings batteries, forts and walls, often without proper planning or prediction of his uselessness next. The result is that at the end of 1700, although it would seem that the city was defended properly, many of the fortifications only existed on paper, others were in ruins and were not to be recovered, and few, indeed, were to be required, almost a century later.

  • Article - Proceedings
  • Francisco José Corrêa-Martins
  • SBC (Sociedade Brasileira de Cartografia)
  • 2013
  • Petrópolis
  • Portuguese
  • In: V Simpósio Luso-Brasileiro de Cartografia Histórica, Petrópolis/RJ, 25 a 28 de novembro de 2013, 19 p., il., color
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Updated at 06/05/2016 by the tutor Roberto Tonera.



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Fortalezas.org > Bibliography > “JEITINHO CARIOCA(?)”: A CIDADE DE SÃO SEBASTIÃO DO RIO DE JANEIRO E SEU SISTEMA DEFENSIVO EM TRÊS MOMENTOS DISTINTOS DO PERÍODO COLONIAL