Reformar o espaço urbano mediante a reabilitação de antigas fortificações: As (novas) áreas verdes em torno das estruturas defensivas urbanas em Portugal

In the beginning of the 19th century the (obsolete) urban fortifications were experiencing, in many cases, a gradual desertion around them. With the emergence of the patrimonial concerns, the defensive structures began being considered as historic and cultural monuments, and for that reason the isolation of those monuments began being a common practice, which frequently created green areas (gardens and parks) framing the monuments and giving them a picturesque image. In the present communication will be analysed the consequences of the rehabilitation actions in and around several urban fortifications in Portugal, particularly the ones which produced new green spaces in the urban tissues. Those (relatively recent) interventions acted over the urban morphology by creating new spaces and thus conditioning the shape of several Portuguese cities: not only were conceived breathing areas in the middle of dense urban masses, allowing the enjoyment of the populations, but also were recovered the ancient urban belts associated with the formerly defensive needs. The analysis of a set of selected interventions through their respective plans and photos will allow us to understand how the patrimonial concerns over the fortified urban heritage were evolved in the last two centuries, especially the ones which produced green urban spaces and, with that, changed the urban morphology of some Portuguese cities.

  • Article - Proceedings
  • Joaquim Manuel Rodrigues dos Santos
  • Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE)
  • 2012
  • Lisboa
  • Portuguese
  • in: Actas do PNUM 2012: Urban Morphology in Portuguese-Speaking Countries, Lisboa, Portuguese Network of Urban Morphology, 2012, pp.1084-1105, il., color.
  • Download

Contribution

Updated at 28/05/2020 by the tutor Projeto Fortalezas Multimídia (Jéssica Pedrini).



Print the contents


Register your email to receive news on this project


Fortalezas.org > Bibliography > Reformar o espaço urbano mediante a reabilitação de antigas fortificações: As (novas) áreas verdes em torno das estruturas defensivas urbanas em Portugal