Fortificações e povoamento no Norte de Portugal (Séc. IX a XI)

The author characterizes the time when the first castles were built in the North of Portugal duringthe last three decades of the 9th century (circa 870-900) and correlates this event to the Christianconquest process. The earliness of this process in the valley of river Douro is emphasized and themajor evolution of the “encastelamento” (castlebuilding) in the North of Portugal is presented,with identification of the 50 castles documented until the year 1000. Two major groups of militarystructures are identified: castles built by the Counts and castles built by the local communities. Theauthor also characterizes the military process of the “Reconquista” (reconquest): first the progressup to river Mondego and the formation of the County of Coimbra (878); then the campaigns of al-Mansur and the Christian retreat to river Douro (986-997); finally, the definitive conquest of theBeiras (1057-1058) and Coimbra (1064). At last, the Author describes the new territorialorganization of Terrae, due to Fernando Magno, which had crucial importance in the developmentof the Romanesque castles.

  • Article - Magazine
  • Mário Jorge Barroca
  • Faculdade de Letras da Universidade do Porto (FLUP)
  • 2004
  • Porto
  • Portuguese
  • in: Portugalia Revista de Arqueologia do Departamento de Ciências e Técnicas do Património da FLUP, nº 25. p. 181-203, il., pb. ISSN 0871-4290.
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Updated at 20/07/2020 by the tutor Projeto Fortalezas Multimídia (Jéssica Pedrini).



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