Floriano Vieira Peixoto


Floriano Vieira Peixoto was born on April 30, 1839 in Maceió, Alagoas. He attended the primary school in Maceió and the Military School in Rio de Janeiro, at the age of 16. Participated in the War of Paraguay until the end in Cerro Corá. As a souvenir, he stored the horse blanket of Solano Lopes.

Worked as the field-marshal assistant, second in rank to the minister of the army, the Viscount of Ouro Preto, when the republican movement began in 1889.

With the proclamation of the Republic, he occupied the Ministry of War in 1890 and was elected vice president of Deodoro da Fonseca the following year. With the resignation of Fonseca, assumed the presidency and governed in the regime that was known like "iron hand" until the end of the mandate, in 1894. It won a troubled period by rebel movements, among them the Revolt of the Armada, in Rio de Janeiro , and the Federalist Revolution, which began in Rio Grande do Sul and aimed to remove Peixoto from power.

In his honor the governor of Santa Catarina, Hercílio Luz, decreed the name change of the capital, from Desterro to Florianópolis on October 10, 1894. He abandoned his political career as soon as he left the post of president. He died in Divisa, today Floriano district, in the municipality of Barra Mansa, Rio de Janeiro, on June 26, 1895.


Updated at 08/01/2018 by the tutor Projeto Fortalezas Multimídia (Zaga).

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